This article, one about particle も and we're done with our extremely basic stuff (there are still 2 extra particles, but that comes after the fun bits ) But it'll be long, so yeah- stay tuned!
Today we'll be doing extra time stuff; mainly because 2 lessons just weren't enough, were they? Well, carry on if you have the guts!
Okay in Japanese, ordinals are INCREDIBLY complicate.... diverse so we have different kinds. But this one I'm doing with you is just to do with days; birthdays, anniversaries, etc. So yeah, here goes!
From there on, it goes like normal, except for the 20th, which is not にいじゅにち, but はつか. RIP Logic. BTW, The word for 'dates' is 日; the word for 'days' is ’ようび’.
Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
Now will be times passed and passing. The basics-:
Easy, right? Now comes the complicated-er bits (but you can do it! )
おととい- Day before yesterday
あさって- Day after tomorrow
せんげつ- Last month
らいげつ- Next month
さくねん- Last year
らいねん- Next year
So, to say your birthday it goes like this-:
To tell when exactly you were born, it goes like this-:
Year-Month-Day. Get the drift? Good!
Other use of Particle に
So I taught you guys before; に is used to show where something is. Well, it has another use related to days; WHEN someone is doing something-:
わたしたちはにちようびに１８さいなります。 We're becoming 18 on Sunday
１３日にかれはともだちのいっしょスイスへいきます。 On 13th, he's going with his friends to Switzerland
あさってにわたしのたんじょうびにあります！ It's my birthday day after!
Years and how to say them
Speaking can be tricky, so I'll break down stuff for you. Now saying your year, hell writing it is tough, so to make it easy; just break it up like any other number-:
That's my actual birth-year. Now HOW do we say this mouthful in Japanese... the year?
1 9 9 7.
Firstly 1000s-: せん
There are no 'ands' in between, just say it like this- 'Base # 1000, Base # 100, then the 2 digit # (tw, # also means 'number' )' You cool?
Yeah, we're done. Summary-:
Add 日 after a number to show it is a date; aka any number <32.
Prefix らい means after; so put that before 月、ねん to show the proceeding time
Particle に can also mean when one does something; structure-:
Sentence structure for birthdays-:
*- means 'born'. For exact details only.
Yup, done! See ya!